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2018 GSPR 대표이미지

2018 GSPR

등록일 : 2018-12-05

  • The Legal Treatment of Gendered Hate Speech in Australia
  • Online Misogyny, Hate Speech & Scotland: Two Steps Forward & One Step Back?
  • Ethnic Identity of Women of Korean Descent and Its Influencing Factors
  • Low Fertility and Work-Life Balance Policies and Their Prospects in Korea: An International Comparison with OECD Countries
  • Gender Pay Discrimination in Korea and its Future Direction
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GSPR

The Legal Treatment of Gendered Hate Speech in Australia

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In her paper The Legal Treatment of Gendered Hate Speech in Australia, Kylie
Weston-Scheuber examines the concept of hate speech as a harm against women and
explores reasons for the invisibility of gendered hate speech in public and legal
discourse. She analyses gendered hate speech as a form of both individual harm and
harm that affects women as a group.
Weston-Scheuber pays particular attention to the role of ideology in relation to
gendered hate speech and hate crimes and the relationship between ideology in a
gender context and ideology as understood in the context of terrorism offences and
incitement of terrorist violence.
The examination of gendered hate speech encompasses recent examples from the
Australian and overseas contexts, including the recent rise of the so-called “Incel”
movement and cyberbullying.
She examines civil and criminal hate speech laws from various Australian jurisdictions,
noting the almost universal absence of proscription of hate speech on the
basis of gender. This includes an examination of various models of “hate crime”
laws in Australia, and their capacity to encompass substantive crimes motivated by
gender hatred or prejudice.
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Online Misogyny, Hate Speech & Scotland: Two Steps Forward & One Step Back?

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Online misogyny, comprising sexist hate speech, as well as gender-based abuse is
a prevalent and widespread issue. Not only does this involve either image-based sexual
abuses (such as so-called ‘rape porn’ or ‘revenge porn’) but now includes ? frequently
? text-based abuses and text-based sexual abuse. Increasing numbers of
women and girls are reporting that they have suffered abuse or misogyny on social
media platforms in particular. This is a concerning trend given the way in which social
media and online activities are entrenched in everyday life. Why is it that these
spaces are essential for social interaction and participation but they remain fundamentally
unfriendly ? and perhaps even unsafe ? spaces for women and girls?
Whilst there have been some soft initiatives at an international level aimed at considering
the broader issue, and also at a European level, few direct law reforms have
taken place. At a domestic level within Scotland (and the UK), there is a complex
and piecemeal system of overlapping criminal law legislation which could be applicable
to these issues ? but which often fails to cover such abuses. Within the UK,
Scotland is taking a different approach to tackling the issue of Online Violence
Against Women (OVAW) ? this includes the consideration of gender as a basis for
hate based prejudices within the criminal law.
This paper will outline the current phenomenon of online abuse and briefly outline
the legal situation within Scotland, before considering the limits of current laws for the
regulation of sexist hate speech. The paper will conclude by offering concrete suggestions
on how to legislate and revise the relevant legal provisions, and offer some insights
concerning Scottish reaction to the petition for law reform in this area. This is an
area in need of pressing law reform ? something which this paper will advocate for.
Key words: Online misogyny; hate speech; law reform; Scotland; law.
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Ethnic Identity of Women of Korean Descent and Its Influencing Factors

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This study is an attempt to investigate women of Korean descent’s ethnic pride as a
component of ethnic identity. We explore women of Korean descent’s ethnic identity
in general as well as the difference by country and investigate the factors that influence
the ethnic identity of women of Korean descent, such as socio-economic status,
language proficiency, and their interest in Korea and Korean culture. The findings of
this study are as follows: first, women of Korean descent’s identity is not confined
within the boundaries of their family, but in fact extends into the national realm.
Secondly, their ethnic identity seems to be the result of a rational and strategic
choice rather than the embodiment of cultured practices. The third implication is that
the status of women of Korean descent’s ethnic identity is not gender-stereotypical
and they seem to be able to rationally craft their ethnic identity for their own
benefit.

Low Fertility and Work-Life Balance Policies and Their Prospects in Korea: An International Comparison with OECD Countries

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Low Fertility and Work-Life Balance Policies and Their Prospects in Korea: An International Comparison with OECD Countries

Gender Pay Discrimination in Korea and its Future Direction

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Gender Pay Discrimination in Korea and its Future Direction
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